By Professor (Chair) Randy J Lapolla, Chenglong Huang
Qiang is a Tibeto-Burman language of southwest China, spoken through approximately 70,000 Qiang and Tibetan humans in northern Sichuan Province. This booklet, the 1st book-length description of the Qiang language in English, contains not just the reference grammar, but in addition an ethnological evaluation, a number of totally analyzed texts (mostly conventional tales) and an annotated thesaurus. The language is verb ultimate, and agglutinative (prefixing and suffixing), with a truly complicated phonological process and either head-marking and established marking morphology. it will likely be of use to typologists, comparativists, Sino-Tibetanists, anthropologists, and linguists typically.
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Additional info for A Grammar of Qiang: With Annotated Texts and Glossary
1), or by a nominalized adjective in a pre-head relative clause structure. Whether a post-head adjective or a pre-head relative clause structure is used often depends on the complexity of the modifier: a complex modifier will appear in the pre-head relative clause structure, while the simple adjective will generally appear in the post-head position. 2) mi a. ˚t˚imi nå-t˚ heart good-GEN person Æ(a) good hearted personﬂ b. g. 3). 2). 3) lu-m ®pe th˙ xs˙-zi]-wu [nes yesterday come-NOM Tibetan that three-CL-AGT t®hets˙-le: de-˚t˚i-ji-t˚i.
The stories include the creation story, the history of the Qiang (particular famous battles and heroes), and other cultural knowledge (see the Texts for some of the stories). As there was no written language until recently, story telling was the only way that this knowledge was passed on. Very few such shamans are left, and little story telling is done now that many villages have access to TVs and VCD players. 7. Mobility Because the Qiang villages are generally high up on the mountains, and there often is no road to the village, only a steep narrow path (this is the case, for example, in Ronghong village [see Plate 2], where the nearest road is hours away), travel has traditionally been by foot, though horses are sometimes used as pack animals where the path or road allows it.
The parents will start the “courtship” by asking a relative or someone who knows the girl’s family to find out whether she is available or not. If the girl is available, they will move on to the next step, that is, to ask a matchmaker to carry a package of gifts (containing sugar, wine, noodles, and cured meat) to the girl’s family. This is only to convey their intention to propose a marriage. If the girl’s parents accepted the gift, the boy’s parents will proceed to the next step, asking the matchmaker to bring some more gifts to the girl’s parents and “officially” propose.