By W. South Coblin
‘Phags-pa chinese language is the earliest type of the chinese to be written in a systematically devised alphabetic script. it's named after its author, an excellent thirteenth-century Tibetan scholar-monk who additionally served as political adviser to Kublai Khan. ‘Phags-pa’s invention of an alphabet for the Mongolian language continues to be an awfully vital accomplishment, either conceptually and essentially. With it he completed not anything lower than the construction of a unified script for all the various peoples within the Mongolian empire, together with the primary Asian Turks and Sinitic-speaking Chinese.‘Phags-pa is of large value for the research of premodern chinese language phonology. in spite of the fact that, the script is tough to learn and interpret, and secondary fabrics on it are scattered and never simply acquired. the current booklet is meant as a pragmatic creation to ‘Phags-pa chinese language stories and a advisor for analyzing and analyzing the script. It involves elements. the 1st half is an introductory part comprising 4 chapters. this can be by means of a thesaurus of ‘Phags-pa chinese language types and their corresponding chinese language characters, including p?ny?n and stroke order indexes to these characters. the 1st introductory bankruptcy outlines the discovery of the ‘Phags-pa writing procedure, summarizes the main different types of fabric preserved in it, and describes the historic and linguistic contexts during which this invention happened. Following chapters aspect the heritage of ‘Phags-pa reviews, the alphabet and its interpretation, and the salient good points of the underlying sound procedure represented via the script, evaluating it with these of assorted later types of chinese language which were recorded in alphabetic sources.A guide of ‘Phags-pa chinese language could be of unique curiosity to chinese language old phonologists and students fascinated by the historical past and tradition of China and principal Asia throughout the Yuan interval (1279–1368 A.D.).
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Additional resources for A Handbook of 'Phags-pa Chinese (ABC Chinese Dictionary Series)
Lewicki also used a copy of the MGZY manuscript (1949: 26, n. 4 Dragunov's paper is of particular interest because it takes issue with his predecessors' assumptions regarding the linguistic basis and dialectal identity of 'Phags-pa Chinese. Karlgren and Pelliot had assumed the existence of a unitary standard variety of Yuan-period Chinese to which not only the 'Phags-pa data but 24 'Phags-pa Chinese Studies also other textually attested material of that time must belong. For them, all these things must somehow be reconcilable with each other from the standpoint of the putative Yuan standard system.
4 Dragunov's paper is of particular interest because it takes issue with his predecessors' assumptions regarding the linguistic basis and dialectal identity of 'Phags-pa Chinese. Karlgren and Pelliot had assumed the existence of a unitary standard variety of Yuan-period Chinese to which not only the 'Phags-pa data but 24 'Phags-pa Chinese Studies also other textually attested material of that time must belong. For them, all these things must somehow be reconcilable with each other from the standpoint of the putative Yuan standard system.
16 The 'Phags-pa Chinese Script After the fall of Northern Song a new Chinese state, called Southern Song (1127-1278), was founded in the south, with its capital at Lin'an gm;~ (modern Hfmgzh5u #Lv'I'/). It is probable that the standard language of the southern court was in fact merely a transplanted variety of the northern Song lingua franca, brought south by refugees from the fallen dynasty (Simmons 1992, chapter 7; cf. also Chao 1928: xiv). , the same general Song standard. Here we should also note that diplomatic, trade, and other contacts between the JIn and the Southern Song remained frequent, even during times of active hostility, with representations on the JIn side conducted by Chinese-speaking officials.