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Download An Industrious Mind: The Worlds of Sir Simonds D'Ewes by J. Sears McGee PDF

By J. Sears McGee

This is the 1st biography of Sir Simonds D'Ewes, a member of England's lengthy Parliament, Puritan, historian and antiquarian who lived from 1602–1650. D'Ewes took the Puritan aspect opposed to the supporters of King Charles I within the English Civil struggle, and his vast magazine of the lengthy Parliament, with his autobiography and correspondence, provide a uniquely complete view of the lifetime of a seventeenth-century English gentleman, his evaluations, concepts and prejudices in this tumultuous time.

D'Ewes left the main broad archive of private papers of anybody in early smooth Europe. His lifestyles and suggestion prior to the lengthy Parliament are rigorously analyzed, in order that the brain of 1 of the Parliamentarian rivals of King Charles I's rules may be understood extra absolutely than that of the other Member of Parliament. even supposing conservative in social and political phrases, D'Ewes's Puritanism avoided him from becoming a member of his Royalist more youthful brother Richard through the civil warfare that all started in 1642. D'Ewes accumulated one of many biggest deepest libraries of books and manuscripts in England in his period and used them to pursue ancient and antiquarian examine. He information of nationwide and overseas occasions voraciously and conveyed his reviews of them to his associates in lots of thousands of letters. McGee's biography is the 1st thorough exploration of the existence and concepts of this notable observer, providing clean perception into this pivotal time in ecu history.

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The fact that he clearly had many devoted kinfolk and friends mitigates his reputation as a disagreeable, arrogant prig. He held no public office before 1639. Had he been 7 8 Introduction: “An industrious mind” a hermit uninterested and uninvolved in the world around him, there would be little reason to write his biography, regardless of the quantity of his papers. He was, however, the opposite of a recluse. He was a keen observer of his surroundings, and he copiously recorded what he saw, heard, and thought about everything.

28 In 1624 Gibson would play a critical role in Simonds’s spiritual development. Simonds respected the formidable learning of Mr. Reynolds’s eldest daughter “Bathshuah” (or Bathsua), who had “an exact knowledg” of Greek, Latin, and French and “some insight” into Hebrew and Aramaic as well. He thought her more learned than her father and that her fame brought to his school “many schollers” who would not otherwise have remained or come at all. ” Reynolds kept a rod and a ruler as symbols of his authority, but he rarely used them to thwack his students.

Early in their marriage, they lived for a time at Maldon in Essex, where the curate was George Gifford (1547/8–1600). In the late sixteenth century, Maldon was a “center of advanced Protestantism,” and Gifford underwent suspension in 1584 for refusing to wear the surplice and other acts of nonconformity. He went to the Netherlands, where he attended Sir Philip Sidney on his deathbed, and he was reinstated at Maldon in 1589. ”41 Sissilia’s above-mentionÂ�ed affection for Abraham Gibson’s preaching and counsel further supports the conclusion that Simonds could not have escaped a Puritan upbringing if he had wanted to, and it is evident that he admired her care for the religious education of himself and his siblings.

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