Social Philosophy

Download Ancient and Medieval Concepts of Friendship by Suzanne Stern-Gillet, SJ, Gary M. Gurtler PDF

By Suzanne Stern-Gillet, SJ, Gary M. Gurtler

Charts the phases of the historical past of friendship as a philosophical inspiration within the Western international.

targeting Plato and Aristotle, the Stoics and Epicureans, and early Christian and Medieval assets, Ancient and Medieval ideas of Friendship brings jointly exams of other philosophical bills of friendship. This quantity sketches the evolution of the suggestion from historic beliefs of friendship using strictly to relationships among males of excessive social place to Christian ideas that deal with friendship as acceptable to all yet are involved mainly with the soul’s relation to God—and that ascribe a secondary prestige to human relationships. The e-book concludes with essays interpreting how this advanced background was once got in the course of the Enlightenment, having a look particularly to Immanuel Kant and Friedrich Hölderlin

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1262b15–16) since they have no reason to care for one another. I think a response to Aristotle’s criticisms is not out of reach, provided we take into account the long process of affective and social maturation to which guards are subjected during their education, and provided we see how this process aims at fostering other-regarding concern in each guard. My attempt at such a response will be developed in an as yet unpublished paper. Proclus responded to Aristotle’s objections against the possibility of the ideal city, but did not concentrate on the issue of friendship within the intermediate class: see In Remp.

Philia in Plato 33 Bobonich 2002. Plato’s Utopia Recast: His Later Ethics and Politics. Oxford: Oxford University Press. -F. 2006, Platon: Les Lois. Traduction, introduction et notes. Paris: GF-Flammarion. ———. 2007. Les Lois de Platon. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France. , and Rowe, C. Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics. Translation, introduction and commentary. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Caluori, D. 2013. ” In D. , Thinking about Friendship: Historical and Contemporary Philosophical Perspectives.

On friendship and the education of guards, see Resp. 3, 386a1–4. 55. See Resp. 4, 424a2 and 5, 449c5. 56. On the love of the rulers for their fellow-citizen, see Resp. 3, 414b1–5 with El Murr 2012, 594–95. On friendship between guards and producers, see Resp. 8, 547b7–c4 with El Murr 2012, 599–602. 57. In the Politics 1262b4–24,, Aristotle famously expressed doubts about the very possibility of a bond of philia between guards, arguing that their friendship is necessarily “watery” (cf. 1262b15–16) since they have no reason to care for one another.

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