Download Arabic: An Essential Grammar by Faruk Abu-Chacra PDF

By Faruk Abu-Chacra

Arabic: a necessary Grammar is an updated and sensible reference consultant to an important elements of the language. compatible for newbies, in addition to intermediate scholars, this booklet bargains a powerful origin for studying the elemental grammar and constitution of Arabic.

The complexities of the language are set out briefly, readable sections, and workouts and examples are supplied all through. The booklet is perfect for self reliant novices in addition to for school room study.

Features of this ebook include:

- assurance of the Arabic script and alphabet
- a bankruptcy on Arabic handwriting
- a consultant to pronunciation
- complete examples all through.

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Additional resources for Arabic: An Essential Grammar

Example text

2 ‫ﺐ‬ ٌ ‫ﻃـﺎِﻟـ‬ َ ‫ﺖ‬ َ ‫َأْﻧـ‬ 1 (3) anta ta¯ libun a¯ qilun. ) (are) 2a reasonable 1student. ‫ ُﻫَﻮ؟‬/ ‫ﻲ‬ َ ‫َأْﻳَﻦ ِﻫ‬ 34 1 (4) ayna hiya / huwa. 1 Where (is) she/he? ‫ك‬ َ ‫ُﻫـَﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻲ‬ َ ‫ِﻫ‬ 1 Definite article, nominal and verbal sentences, adjectives (5) hiya huna¯ ka. She (is) 1there. ‫ﻬﻮٌر‬ ُ ‫ﺸـ‬ ْ ‫َﻣ‬ 1 ‫ﺐ‬ ٌ ‫ُﻫَﻮ َﻛﺎِﺗـ‬ (6) huwa ka¯ tibun masˇhu¯run. He (is) 1a famous writer. ‫ﻤﺎْﻧَﻴﺎ‬ َ ‫ب ِﻓـﻲ َأْﻟـ‬ ُ ‫َأَْﻷَﻗﺎِر‬ (7) al- aqa¯ ribu f -ı alma¯ nya¯ . 1 1 The relatives (are) in Germany.

Sˇariba t-tiflu halı-ban. ˙ ˙ ˙ The child drank milk. ) ˙˙ Sun and moon letters, hamzatu l-wasli (was˙lah) ˙ Note a: The above-mentioned word ‫ب‬ ُ ‫ َﺑﺎ‬/ba¯bu/ does not take the definite article, according to a rule explained in chapter 12. ِ ّ ‫ ﻟ‬.. t-tiflu/ (not: ‫ﻄْﻔﻞ‬ Note b: In the above word ‫ﻞ‬ ُ ‫ﻄْﻔ‬ ِ ‫َأْﻟ‬- al-t˙iflu) the definite ˙˙ article is not pronounced as such at all, because there is a waslah above the alif ˙ and the initial /t/ is a sun letter.

2 ‫ﺖ‬ ْ ‫َوَﻗَﻌ‬ 1 (9) waqa at sahratun kabı-ratun. ˙ ˘ 1fell down. A big 2rock . ‫ﺴـَﺮى‬ ْ ‫ﺟَﻞ ْﻟُﻴ‬ ْ َ‫ﺴَﺮ ْﻟَﻌﺎِﻣُﻞ ﻟّﺮ‬ َ ‫َﻛ‬ (10) kasara l- a¯ milu r-rig˘ la l-yusra¯ . The worker 1broke his (3the) left 2leg. 3 . ‫ﻤـَﻨـﻰ‬ ْ ‫ْﻟـُﻴـ‬ 4 2 1 ُ ‫ﺨَّﻴﺎ‬ ‫ط ْﻟـَﻴـَﺪ‬ َ ‫ح ْﻟـ‬ َ ‫ﺟَﺮ‬ َ 3 2 1 (11) g˘ araha l-hayya¯ tu l-yada l-yumna¯ . ˘ 1wounded ˙ 2 The˙ tailor his (the) 4right 3hand. ُ ‫ﻄَّﺒﺎ‬ ‫خ ﻟَّﻨﺎَر‬ . ‫ْﻟَﻘـِﻮَّﻳـَﺔ‬ ْ ‫َأ‬ َّ ‫ﻃَﻔَﺄ ﻟ‬ (12) atfa a t-tabba¯ hu n-na¯ ra l-qawiyyata.

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