Geriatrics

Download Cancer and Aging: From Bench to Clinics by M. Extermann, T. Fulop PDF

By M. Extermann, T. Fulop

Melanoma is obviously an age-related sickness. contemporary examine in either getting older and melanoma has validated the complicated interplay among the 2 phenomena. This impacts a large spectrum of study and perform, at any place from uncomplicated learn to healthiness care association. middle examples of those shut institutions are addressed during this ebook. beginning with easy study, the 1st chapters conceal melanoma improvement, mTOR inhibition, senescent cells changing the tumor microenvironment, and immune senescence affecting melanoma vaccine reaction. bearing in mind the multidisciplinarity of geriatric oncology, a number of chapters specialise in geriatric and oncologic elements in sufferer review, therapies, nursing and workout courses. The booklet is rounded off via a dialogue at the effect of the metabolic syndrome illustrating the interactions among comorbidity and melanoma and a bankruptcy on frailty. This e-book presents the reader with insights that would with a bit of luck foster his or her mirrored image of their personal learn and perform to extra the advance of this most enjoyable box. Given the getting older of the inhabitants world wide and the excessive incidence of melanoma, it truly is crucial analyzing not just for oncologists and geriatricians yet for all overall healthiness practitioners.

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TAA are weakly immunogenic and T cells need help to become activated against TAA expressed by cancer cells. As shown in the studies discussed here, just adding IL-2 to TS/A tumor cells will improve anti-tumor responses but not memory responses to the tumor at old age. The best results so far have been shown by the group of Lustgarten [38] by activating T cells against cancer through vaccination plus co-stimulation using anti-OX40 or 1-4BB mAb at young and old age. Also, elimination of Tregs could improve T cell activation at older age [25].

Cancer Res 1997;57:1807–1813. 7 Hayflick L: The limited in vitro lifetime of human diploid cell strains. Exp Cell Res 1965;37:614–636. 8 Dimri GP, et al: A biomarker that identifies senescent human cells in culture and in aging skin in vivo. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 1995;92:9363–9367. 9 Jeyapalan JC, Sedivy JM: Cellular senescence and organismal aging. Mech Ageing Dev 2008;129: 467–474. 10 Erusalimsky JD, Kurz DJ: Cellular senescence in vivo: its relevance in ageing and cardiovascular disease. Exp Gerontol 2005;40:634–642.

31 Kuilman T, et al: Oncogene-induced senescence relayed by an interleukin-dependent inflammatory network. Cell 2008;133:1019–1031. 32 Krizhanovsky V, et al: Implications of cellular senescence in tissue damage response, tumor suppression, and stem cell biology. Cold Spring Harb Symp Quant Biol 2008;73:513–522. 33 Krizhanovsky V, et al: Senescence of activated stellate cells limits liver fibrosis. Cell 2008;134:657–667. 34 Xue W, et al: Senescence and tumour clearance is triggered by p53 restoration in murine liver carcinomas.

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