By Christian Marazzi
The Swiss-Italian economist Christian Marazzi is among the center theorists of the Italian postfordist move, in addition to Antonio Negri, Paolo Virno, and Bifo (Franco Berardi). yet even if his paintings is frequently brought up through students (particularly through these within the box of "Cognitive Capitalism"), his writing hasn't ever seemed in English. This translation of his latest paintings, Capital and Language (published in Italian in 2002), eventually makes Marazzi's paintings on hand to an English-speaking audience.
Capital and Language takes as its place to begin the truth that the extraordinary volatility of monetary markets is usually attributed to the discrepancy among the "real economy" (that of fabric items produced and bought) and the extra speculative monetary-financial economic climate. yet this contrast has lengthy ceased to use within the postfordist New financial system, within which either spheres are structurally suffering from language and conversation. In Capital and Language Marazzi argues that the alterations in monetary markets and the transformation of work into immaterial exertions (that is, its reliance on summary wisdom, common mind, and social cooperation) are only facets of an analogous coin.
Capital and Language specializes in the factors in the back of the foreign monetary and fiscal melancholy of 2001, and at the basic tool that the U.S. govt has considering been utilizing to stand them: conflict. Marazzi issues to capitalism’s fourth degree (after mercantilism, industrialism, and the postfordist end result of the recent Economy): the "War Economy" that's already upon us.
Marazzi bargains a thorough new realizing of the present overseas financial level and the most important post-Marxist suggestions for confronting capitalism in its most up-to-date shape. Capital and Language additionally presents a wake-up call to a Left nonetheless nostalgic for a Fordist construct—a time earlier than manufacturing facility changed into place of work (and workplace into home), and earlier than hard work grew to become linguistic.
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Additional info for Capital and Language: From the New Economy to the War Economy
This is an aspect which usually tends to be undervalued but which has played a very important role in provoking banking disintermediation in the relationship between savings and invest ments. In fact, because of deflation and the consequent decline in bank interest rates, savings have been attracted to securities mar kets throughout the world, and especially to markets in the U . S . Investment has thus been transferred from Treasury bonds t o stocks b y virtue of the structural transformations in the way of producing wealth.
I speak' is integrally self-referential. The ordinary performative men tions the action that is performed by way of its very utterance, but it makes no mention of the latter. The dark corner of the self-reflective movement is, in this case, the Jact-that-one speaks. 'I take this woman as my lawfully wedded wife' refers to the reality produced by the say ing or the not saying, not to the reality ofthe saying. 'I speak,' on the other hand, refers instead to its own utterance as the salient event which it produces by the mere fact of being uttered.
Basically for this reason, the concept of productivity no longer has anything to do with Fordist productivity (the famous economies of scale, for which the reduction of unit cost was obtained by increasing the quantity of the product) . Today's productivity is increasingly determined by the capacity to respond to unforeseen and unfore seeable situations, emergent situations, those situations which make any sort of planning impracticable, assigning a central role co occa sionality. But this productivity would be unthinkable without the dematerialization of support systems and means of transmitting knowledge, without the constant mentalization of capital, its fusion with living labor.