By M. Vicente
By way of the 1780s within the urban of Barcelona by myself, greater than a hundred and fifty factories shipped calicoes to each significant urban in Spain and around the Atlantic. This ebook narrates the lives of households on either side of the Atlantic who profited from the rage for calicoes, and in doing so helped the Spanish empire to flourish within the eighteenth century.
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Additional resources for Clothing the Spanish Empire: Families and the Calico Trade in the Early Modern Atlantic World
80 During the 1740s and 1750s, Campins acted as commercial agent of more than a dozen other wellknown Catalan merchants and calico manufacturers, some of whom had strong ties with Glòria. 83 A year later Campins and Clota together invested in the construction of the saetia Nostra Senyora de la Concepció to trade with America. 84 Before Campins arrived in Cádiz, he had relied on the Catalan merchant Pere Marsal i Sans to act as his commercial agent. As the other Catalan merchants, Marsal invested in ships participating in the American trade.
Thus he may have been happy that his uncle Jeroni wanted, or was willing, to take on that task. In only two years Jeroni had become the fabricant, and as such had become responsible for contracting the labor force for his factory. In addition, he may also have had a hand in some of the factory’s commercial dealings, given his previous knowledge of maritime insurance in the American colonial trade. 64 The death of Jeroni in 1744 posed a major challenge to the factory. No one else in the factory knew the technic of calico printing.
For example, calico companies in Barcelona trusted their commercial agents, whether in Cádiz or America, with such delicate matters as finding clients among the merchants and shippers in Andalusia who conducted much of the Spanish trade with the New World. 69 Likewise, agents in Lisbon sold wine and liquor in Amsterdam and other northern European ports to purchase the fine cotton cloth used for the most expensive calicoes produced in Barcelona. Commercial agents also cashed letters of exchange and remitted payments and valuable information back to the company’s home office.