By Pieter Glasbergen (auth.), Pieter Glasbergen (eds.)
New philosophies of environmental administration are being positioned to the try out in lots of countries.· New rules are had to change or not less than flank the outdated command and keep watch over process, which has misplaced its credibility. probably the most fascinating new avenues is co-operative environmental administration, wherein private and non-private events interact to take on an issue. it's attention-grabbing since it seems like minded to dealing with complicated environmental difficulties. this sort of administration uses the coverage device referred to as the Environmental contract. That instrument is geared to the improvement of sustainable approaches for understanding strategies. The Environmental contract offers scope to house a few crucial features of present environmental difficulties. certainly, the most vexing features of environmental difficulties is uncertainty, either within the ecological sphere and with appreciate to the industrial results of intervention. briefly, this software takes the unknown into account.
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Additional info for Co-operative Environmental Governance: Public-Private Agreements as a Policy Strategy
This flexibility is advantageous because it means that such systems can be established in a piecemeal way as different problem areas are identified, and/or 'opportunistically' - when particular constellations of political and economic circumstance are favourable . ), this permits experimentation with different management strategies (Meadowcroft, 1997a). Flexibility also exists in relation to the kinds of groups involved, the forms of debate and decision procedure, the management time frame, and the nature of the implementation stage.
It is important to note that co-operative management regimes are not envisaged as a replacement for the entire structure of existing environmental regulation and government environmental policy making - although in specific contexts certain forms of policy development and regulatory control may be devolved to cooperative management bodies. On the contrary, co-operative management could only represent a coherent response to the challenge posed by environmental problems when operating within a clear framework established by central 24 JAMES MEADOWCROFT governmental initiatives.
Co-operative management can provide a context to facilitate such change. Reference has already been made to the notion of 'transforming' interests, but it is necessary to consider this more carefully here. In much contemporary discussion 'interests' are taken as essentially 'given' - as a fixed element of a problem structure (like consumer preferences in micro economic calculus). Moreover they are almost exclusively associated with material advantage. Thus political problem solving is reduced to reconciling disputes over the distribution of material resources among established interest coalitions.