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Download Cognition, Agency and Rationality: Proceedings of the Fifth by Ernest Sosa (auth.), Kepa Korta, Ernest Sosa, Xabier PDF

By Ernest Sosa (auth.), Kepa Korta, Ernest Sosa, Xabier Arrazola (eds.)

As traditional, the lawsuits of the overseas Colloquium on Cognitive technological know-how contain modern paintings by way of remarkable researchers within the box. This quantity includes 3 forms of papers comparable to 3 of the most disciplines in cognitive technology: philosophy, psychology, and synthetic intelligence. The name - Cognition, employer and Rationality - captures the most concerns addressed via the papers. in fact, all are keen on cognition, yet a few are specifically focused at the very suggestion of rationality, whereas others specialise in (multiple) organisation. the range in their disciplinary origins and standpoints not just displays the most issues and the diversity of other positions awarded at ICCS-97, in addition to demonstrating the richness, fruitfulness and variety of analysis in cognitive technological know-how today.

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Extra info for Cognition, Agency and Rationality: Proceedings of the Fifth International Colloquium on Cognitive Science

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In this case subjects relied entirely on the base-rate; the median estimate was 30010 for the first group of subjects and 70% for the second. In their discussion of these experiments, Nisbett and Ross offer this interpretation. The implication of this contrast between the "no information" and "totally nondiagnostic information" conditions seems clear. When no specific evidence about the target case is provided, prior probabilities are utilized appropriately; when worthless specific evidence is given, prior probabilities may be largely ignored, and people respond as if there were no basis for assuming differences in relative likelihoods.

We've chosen these particular findings because they will playa role at a later stage of the paper. For readers who would like a deeper and more systematic account of the fascinating and disquieting research on reasoning and judgment, there are now several excellent texts and anthologies available. (Nisbett and Ross 1980, Kahneman, Slovic and Tversky 1982, Baron 1988, Piatelli-Palmarini 1994, Dawes 1988, Sutherland 1994). Though there is little doubt that most ofthe experimental results reported in the literature are robust and can be readily replicated, there is considerable debate over what these experiments indicate about the intrinsic rationality of ordinary people.

Nevertheless, according to Cosmides and Tooby, what applies generally to solutions to adaptive problems also applies to the specific case of cognitive mechanisms for solving adaptive problems. Thus, they claim, we have good reason to expect task specific or domain specific cognitive mechanisms to be superior solutions to adaptive problems than domain geneml systems. Moreover, since natural selection can be expected to favor superior solutions to adaptive problems over inferior ones, Cosmides and Tooby conclude that when it comes to solving adaptive problems: (2) ...

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