By Swasti Mitter (auth.), Swasti Mitter (eds.)
Drawing at the studies of 4 significant EC nations, this e-book files the way in which machine know-how has replaced the development of women's paintings within the production quarter. The 16 individuals are best specialists at the topic and examine how expertise has reworked employment within the garments undefined, that's nonetheless the key agency of lady blue-collar employees within the EC. The members verify the facets of computerisation that really have an effect on women's employment opportuni- ties: versatile hours, versatile paintings destinations and versatile specialisation. The e-book additionally comprises reviews of post-Fordism and human-centred know-how, major concerns within the debate in regards to the purposes of man-made intelligence and computer-aided expertise. those essays spotlight a transforming into polarisation within the task marketplace and recommend education schemes that may equip girls for technical and managerial employment. it is a pioneering paintings; to this point, lots of the literature on girls and computerisation has focussed on place of work automation and information processing. Computer-aided Manufacturing and Women's Employment makes a massive contribution to the fields of know-how, employment, women's paintings, enterprise administration and exchange union studies.
Read or Download Computer-aided Manufacturing and Women’s Employment: The Clothing Industry in Four EC Countries: For the Directorate-General Employment, Social Affairs and Education of the European Communities, June 1990 PDF
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Additional info for Computer-aided Manufacturing and Women’s Employment: The Clothing Industry in Four EC Countries: For the Directorate-General Employment, Social Affairs and Education of the European Communities, June 1990
International variation in wage costs per direct employee Country Germany England Greece Hong Kong Ireland Italy Ivory Coast Malta Morocco Portugal Spain Sri Lanka Tunisia USA Hourly wage inc. 98 Source: Based on research by Kurt Salmon Associates reported in Apparel International (February 1985). number of small independent firms are connected with the parent company only through financial (and sometimes marketing) linkages. Technology and Production: Marrying Flexibility and Efficiency Changing market trends and retailer strategies have transformed the conditions for efficient garment manufacture over the past decade.
CAD/CAM: Knitwear Whereas the links between computer-aided design and manufacture remain partial and incomplete in clothing, a much closer integration has emerged in the production of circular knitted fabric, flat body blanks and fully-fashioned knitwear. In knitwear, unlike other forms of clothing, garment design was always closely tailored to the capacities of specific machines, and the new CAD/ CAM systems offer graphic design options which can convert shape, motif colour and stitch formations into mathematical terms which instruct the machine to knit the required piece almost automatically.
Using a light-pen, the operator can then manipulate the graded pattern pieces on the screen to work out the best possible lay, while the system calculates the fabric utilisation ratios for different combinations. The finished lay is then plotted out at high speed to yield a full-size marker for manual cloth cutting, while a magnetic tape can also be generated to guide a numerically controlled cutter. The most recent addition to the CAD facilities now available are pattern development systems, whereby the two-dimensional pattern blocks can be created on the screen and existing pattern pieces rapidly modified.