By Horst W. Artmann (auth.), I. Burhan Turksen, Kiyoji Asai, Gunduz Ulusoy (eds.)
The present country of expectancies is that laptop built-in production (CIM) will ulti mately make certain the economic development of global countries in the following few a long time. laptop Aided layout (CAD), machine Aided production (CAM), versatile production structures (FMS), Robotics including wisdom and data established platforms (KIBS) and Com munication Networks are anticipated to advance to a mature kingdom to reply successfully to the managerial specifications of the factories of the longer term which are turning into hugely built-in and intricate. CIM represents a brand new creation strategy as a way to permit the factories to carry a excessive number of items at a reasonable and with brief creation cycles. the recent applied sciences for CIM are had to increase production environments which are smarter, speedier, close-cou pled, built-in, optimized, and versatile. Sophistication and a excessive measure of specialization in fabrics technological know-how, synthetic intelligence, communications know-how and knowledge-information technological know-how innovations are wanted between others for the advance of realizable and potential CIM platforms which are in a position to adjusting to unstable markets. CIM factories are to permit the creation of a large choice of comparable items in small batches via average yet multi venture orientated designs that accommodate flexibility with really good software.
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Extra resources for Computer Integrated Manufacturing: Current Status and Challenges
He starts with an overall view of the outer shape and determines main steps. Still he observes details (like accuracy or surface roughness) which are of importance for the determination of the major operational sequence. Ye may have to study much more thoroughly 48 the way a human is planning before we can truly start automation of process planning. Horeover the development of computer hard and software should provide the means to handle this way of working, rapidly and in a userfriendly way. Summarizing, areas for further research are: - CAD-CAH interface - knowledge base build-up - interfaces to production control systems.
Tools and fixtures. - Technological data. - Calculation of machining times and costs. - Raw materials required. as well as other specific information. Fig. 2 gives an example of a Process Plan. In the information-flow chain, Process Planning can be located between the design and the manufacturing function. So in principle PP is an information transforming activity: Input is an engineering part-drawing and possibly some engineering specifications regarding for instance treatments or inspection procedures.
The Input of data from the drawing into the Process Planning 39 function is performed using a human interface and we will see that by the nature of our drawing-conventions (also adopted by our CAD systems) this interface is highly intelligent compared to any fully automated method. Process planners should have a thourough knowledge of their machining facilities and of the ways in which production is usually performed in their organisation. It is not uncommon that experienced machine-operators are promoted to the function of Process Planner.