System Theory

Download Control of Turbulent and Magnetohydrodynamic Channel Flows: by Rafael Vazquez, Miroslav Krstic PDF

By Rafael Vazquez, Miroslav Krstic

This monograph offers new confident layout tools for boundary stabilization and boundary estimation for numerous sessions of benchmark difficulties in stream keep an eye on, with strength functions to turbulence regulate, climate forecasting, and plasma regulate. the foundation of the procedure utilized in the paintings is the lately constructed non-stop backstepping process for parabolic partial differential equations, increasing the applicability of boundary controllers for move platforms from low Reynolds numbers to excessive Reynolds quantity conditions.Efforts in circulation regulate over the past few years have ended in quite a lot of advancements in lots of various instructions, yet so much implimentable advancements to this point were bought utilizing discretized types of the plant types and finite-dimensional keep an eye on suggestions. by contrast, the layout equipment tested during this booklet are according to the "continuum" model of the backstepping strategy, utilized to the PDE version of the movement. The postponement of spatial discretization till the implementation degree bargains a number of numerical and analytical advantages.Specific issues and lines: advent of keep an eye on and kingdom estimation designs for flows that come with thermal convection and electrical conductivity, specifically, flows the place instability will be pushed via thermal gradients and exterior magnetic fields. software of a different "backstepping" technique the place the boundary keep an eye on layout is mixed with a selected Volterra transformation of the movement variables, which yields not just the stabilization of the movement, but additionally the specific solvability of the closed-loop procedure. Presentation of a end result unparalleled in fluid dynamics and within the research ofNavier-Stokes equations: closed-form expressions for the recommendations of linearized Navier-Stokes equations lower than suggestions. Extension of the backstepping method of put off one of many well-recognized root factors of transition to turbulence: the decoupling of the Orr-Sommerfeld and Squire systems.Control of Turbulent and Magnetohydrodynamic Channel Flows is a superb reference for a wide, interdisciplinary engineering and arithmetic viewers: keep watch over theorists, fluid mechanicists, mechanical engineers, aerospace engineers, chemical engineers, electric engineers, utilized mathematicians, in addition to examine and graduate scholars within the above components. The ebook can also be used as a supplementary textual content for graduate classes on keep an eye on of distributed-parameter structures and on move keep an eye on.

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Additional resources for Control of Turbulent and Magnetohydrodynamic Channel Flows: Boundary Stabilization and State Estimation

Sample text

Note that for a given time V is an scalar, while Γ is a (periodic) function of the angle. Following the lines of the stability study of these equations in [24], the value of C is set so the system is stable for Rayleigh numbers less than unity and unstable otherwise. 8) with the same boundary conditions. We will stabilize this linearized plant around its equilibrium at zero, therefore stabilizing—at least locally—the full nonlinear plant. , the Prandtl number is large enough, so we can use singular perturbation theory.

As in Chapter 2, this is proved for a large enough Prandtl number, and the theoretical result is supported by a numerical study.

Note that the reduced system has an integral term, which is in the desired strict-feedback form. 12). 5 will require some modifications, but the main idea we follow is the same. 14) where q is negative and used for tweaking. 2, taking as a Lyapunov functional the L2 norm of w. 13), we are going to use the following change of variables: r w(r, θ) = τ (r, θ) − 2π k(r, θ, s, φ)τ (s, φ)dsdφ. 16) with periodic boundary conditions in both φ and ψ, and the following boundary conditions in the radial variables: ks (r, θ, R1 , φ) = k(r, θ, R1 , φ) , R1 k(r, θ, r, φ) = 0.

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