By G. E. Likens, F. H. Bormann (auth.), Arthur D. Hasler (eds.)
This quantity is worried with many different types of hyperlinks among terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. Ecological structures on land engage with water in lots of ways in which were taken care of during the Ecological experiences sequence. quantity l's chapters sixteen via 18, on Hydrologic Cycles, offer history that leads without delay into the outline of nutrient-hydrologic interactions in Chap ter 1 ofthe current quantity. quantity 2 treats additional features of water in forests, grassland, and plants. quantity three summarizes organic and environmental features of the complete Indian Ocean as a marine surroundings that's significantly motivated via upwelling of water and food alongside numerous of its shores. Volumes four and five supply a better examine the stream of water in vegetation and different woody or herbaceous structures and their soils, from viewpoints starting from that of physics to that of useful agriculture. those volumes, specially quantity 7 at the evolutionary edition of ecosystems to mediter ranean different types of climates, are inquisitive about the ecosystem's techniques of utilizing water, which nature offers on a truly seasonal foundation. quantity eight treats many facets of seasonality in a number of atmosphere varieties, together with en vironmental indications that flip development off and on from time to time which are in general acceptable for organisms' survival and for potent use of landscapes by way of mankind.
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Extra info for Coupling of Land and Water Systems
S. 1967. Evidence of overland flow on forest watersheds. In Intern. Symp. , W. E. Sopper and H. W. , pp. 247-252. Elmsford, N. : Pergamon Press, Inc. ____ , J. W. Hornbeck, G. E. Likens, and F. H. Bormann. 1970. Effects of elimination of vegetation on stream water quantity and quality. Intern. Symp. Results Res. Representative Exp. Basins, New Zealand, Intern. Assoc. Sci. , pp. 311-328. Public Health Service. 1962. Drinking water standard. Public Health Servo Publ. 956. C. Sawyer, C. N. 1947. Fertilization of lakes by agricultural and urban drainage.
1970). Annual runoff of water exceeded the value expected had the watershed not been cut, by 35 cm or 40 percent during the first year, 27 cm or 28 percent during the second year, and 24 cm or 26 percent during the third water year after deforestation. , 1970). The largest increase in water discharge, relative to an undisturbed condition, occurred during June through September, when stream runoff was 414 percent (first year) and 380 percent (second year) greater than expected. The increased streamflow during the summer is directly attributable to the removal of transpiring surfaces.
Environment 14(2):33-40. Lunt, H. A. 1932. Profile characteristics of New England Forest Soils. Connecticut Agri. Expt. Sta. Bull. 342, pp. 743-836. Mackereth, F. J. H. 1966. Some chemical observations on post-glacial lake sediments. Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. B250:165-2l3. Nutrient-Hydrologic Interactions (Eastern United States) 29 Miller, R. B. 1963. Plant nutrients in hard beech. I. The immobilization of nutrients. II. Seasonal variation in leaf composition. III. The cycle of nutrients. New Zealand 1.