By Neville Morley
The executive goal of this e-book is to teach how burials can be utilized as a uniquely informative resource for Greek and Roman social heritage. Burials enable a miles wider diversity of inference and perception than the literary texts produced through and for a slim social elite, and by means of learning them intensive Dr. Morris is ready to provide new interpretations of social switch in Graeco-Roman antiquity. the key interdisciplinary value of the publication lies in its try and holiday down boundaries among archaeologists and historians of alternative societies and cultures.
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Extra info for Death-ritual and social structure in classical antiquity
Hal. 46) 32 Trade in Classical Antiquity In a similar way, some markets were more reliable than others: above all the great cities such as Athens, Alexandria, Rome and Constantinople, whose demand for the products of the world was almost insatiable. Trading activity gravitated towards such centres of consumption, and the major stops on the routes that led to them, because merchants could count on selling their cargoes at a profit. Above all, merchants sought to acquire information. One of the most important developments over the course of classical antiquity was the expansion of knowledge of the world and the availability of advice on how to find one’s way around it: information about routes, hazards, good harbours, and the specialised knowledge of the monsoon winds that allowed ships from the Mediterranean to trade directly with Arabia and India (Casson 1989; Nicolet 1991; Young 2001).
The ancient environment was not homogeneous at any time – and certainly not homogeneous over time. In the first place, crops were not grown everywhere at all periods. Vines can potentially be grown through most of the Mediterranean, but their introduction into different regions by Greeks, Phoenicians and Romans can be roughly charted from the eighth century bce, when Greek wine containers first appear in Italy, to the first two centuries ce, when Spain and Gaul began to export their own wine back to Rome as well as consuming Italian products.
G. Dem. ] 56; Lysias 22). One of the stories of archaic Greek trade, in which a ship was blown west rather than east, ended up in a previously unvisited part of Spain rather than in Egypt and ‘consequently realised a greater return on their goods than any Greeks of whom we have precise knowledge, with the exception of Sostratus of Aegina’ (Hdt. 152) could be considered part of the mythology of trade, embodying every merchant’s dream. Even when the Mediterranean had been thoroughly explored, a capricious environment meant that such profits were still possible for the fortunate, and that a cargo of grain could probably find a market anywhere – but that certainly did not exclude the possibility of having to sell at a loss.