By Angelika Hilbeck, David A. Andow, Eliana M G Fontes
Many overseas boards have pointed out the necessity for finished, clinical tools for the pre-release trying out and post-release tracking of transgenic crops to make sure their environmental defense and sustainable use. in line with this requirement, a GMO directions venture was once tested below the aegis of the foreign association for organic keep watch over, to advance biosafety trying out instructions for transgenic crops. This moment quantity specializes in transgenic cotton in Brazil and addresses either environmental and agricultural affects. It attracts out a few common danger evaluate guidance and demonstrates the necessity for case-by-case research.
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Extra resources for Environmental Risk Assessment of Genetically Modified Organisms, Volume 2: Methodologies for Assessing Bt Cotton in Brazil
However, the participation of public institutions in the cottonseed market in Brazil has decreased during the last few years (Wetzel, 2002). During the 2001/02 harvests, private companies had about 56% of the cottonseed production and market, with a private cultivar leading the market (Embrapa, 2003). , 2004). The trend towards a larger seed-market share by private companies is being strengthened by the introduction of transgenic varieties, as public institutions are still in the early stages of developing transgenic cotton varieties.
Occurrence of resistance to Bt cotton. It also considers approaches for developing a practical monitoring and response system to detect resistance and to adapt management appropriately. Finally, Chapter 13 summarizes the major achievements and key findings from this case study. It concludes with recommendations for completing a risk assessment of Bt cotton in Brazil and some challenges that remain for improving the scientific basis in support of risk assessment. Acknowledgements We thank Drs Eleusio Curvelo Freire (Embrapa Cotton), Luiz Paulo de Carvalho (Embrapa Cotton) and Ms Evelyn Underwood (Swiss Federal Institute of Technology) for their help.
Hirsutum var. marie-galante (mocó cotton) in Brazil, from 2000 to 2002. ) Note: G. hirsutum var. , Chapter 11, this volume). In the Midwest, breeding programmes select for cultivars that are adapted to the environmental conditions prevailing in the Cerrado, and that are resistant to diseases, including ramulose, bacterial blight (Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. F. ) and fusarium wilt. , 2004). Several resistant varieties have been developed, both in the public and private domain, such as BRS Cedro and CD406.