Communication

Download Investigating Classroom Discourse (Domains of Discourse) by Steve Walsh PDF

By Steve Walsh

Introducing language use and interplay because the foundation of excellent instructing and studying, this worthwhile ebook equips academics and researchers with the instruments to research school room discourse and circulation in the direction of more beneficial guide. proposing an outline of present ways to describing and interpreting lecture room discourse, Steve Walsh identifies the significant features of lecture room language within the contexts of moment language school rooms, fundamental and secondary study rooms, and better schooling settings. a different function of the e-book are the study room recordings and reflective suggestions interviews from a pattern crew of academics that Walsh makes use of to place ahead SETT (Self evaluate of instructor speak) as a framework for interpreting discourse in the school room. This framework is used to spot varied modes of discourse, that are hired by way of lecturers and scholars, to extend knowledge of the significance of interplay, and to maximise studying possibilities. This booklet will attract utilized linguists, lecturers and researchers of TESOL, in addition to practitioners on MEd or taught doctorate programmes.      

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The discussion now turns to a consideration of the role of interaction in facilitating practice. Interaction increases opportunities for practice Some writers maintain that comprehensible input and the negotiation of meaning do not ensure SLA, that learners must have opportunities to speak. ’ According to Swain (1985: 248–9), output is important because it forces the learner to develop precise, coherent and appropriate linguistic resources, ‘pushed language use’, and because it requires the learner to pay close attention to syntax and test hypotheses.

8, the teacher is working with a group of upper-intermediate students and they are discussing ways of regulating our lives. The extract has been selected to illustrate the importance of collaborative meaning-making and the need to allow interactional space so that teachers and learners can create opportunities for language acquisition. Note that this is a very different stance to the one that has been advocated under Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) methodologies; simply ‘handing over’ to learners and getting them to perform in pairs and groups will not, under socio-cultural theory, contribute much to language learning.

Some of the more prominent work on corrective feedback in recent years has been concerned with the area of recasts: the ways in which learners’ contributions are reshaped, reformulated or refined by a teacher, (see, for example, Lyster, 1998; Long, 1998; Markee, 2000; Ohta, 2001). According to Long (1998: 358): Corrective recasts are responses which, although communicatively oriented and focused on meaning rather than form, incidentally reformulate all or part of a learner’s utterance, thus providing relevant morphosyntactic information that was obligatory but was either missing or wrongly supplied, in the learner’s rendition, while retaining its central meaning.

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