Phenomenology

Download Metaphor and Continental Philosophy- From Kant to Derrida by Clive Cazeaux PDF

By Clive Cazeaux

There was a ravishing progress of curiosity in metaphor as a cognitive precept, energetic within the development of data and the realm. notwithstanding, regardless of the big quantity of fabric released on cognitive metaphor, little has been performed to evaluate how claims made in the box draw upon continental philosophy. What the continental culture presents, Cazeaux claims, is a sequence of frameworks which permits metaphor's cognitive capability to be pursued to the restrict.

Metaphor offers the idea of data with a few questions:

How can a subjective judgment be target? How can the juxtaposition of matters in a metaphor create new cognitive percentages? How does metaphor map out the realm for us? How may perhaps metaphor support us on the element while key philosophical differences, akin to subject-world and language-reality, aren't any longer tenable?

The publication demonstrates how those questions are faced by means of top continental thinkers. transparent and incisive debts are given of the significance metaphor has for Kant, Nietzsche, Heidegger, Bachelard, Merleau-Ponty, Ricoeur and Derrida. As Cazeaux exhibits, they reply to the questions by means of positioning metaphor in numerous methods as a rigidity, working in among the elemental differences of philosophy.

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Additional info for Metaphor and Continental Philosophy- From Kant to Derrida

Sample text

Kant’s most forthright statement along these lines is the following: The purposiveness that we must presuppose even for cognizing the inner possibility of many natural things is quite unthinkable to us and is 40 The power of judgment beyond our grasp unless we think of it, and of the world as such, as a product of an intelligent cause (a God). (1987: 400) To be the product of an intelligent cause here means to have one’s being or actuality determined by a concept held by an intellectus archetypus or intuitive understanding or supreme being (1987: 406–08).

A concept can never be considered distinct from the offering of a possible image. It is this understanding which prompts Heidegger’s comment that ‘what in logic is termed a concept is based upon the schema’ (1962b: 103, my emphasis). 9 With this recognition of the structural relation between schema and image, the sense of the three illustrations given by Kant becomes apparent (1929: A 140–41, B 179–80). In the first illustration, quoted above, he likens the ‘universal procedure of the imagination in providing an image for a concept’ to ‘the thought of a large number in general’, for with such a number ‘the image can hardly be surveyed and compared with the concept’ (1929: A140, B179–80).

Heidegger’s retrieval of Kant, I have argued, explains how subjectivity can create objectivity. The objective validity of the categories is shown to be a consequence of the possibility created by the relation in which empirical intuition stands to time, the pure form of intuition. Heidegger argues that the essent is able to manifest itself as an object within finite experience prior to its being represented in intuition because the transcendental imagination antecedently creates a horizon of objectivity before which determinate intuition is able to appear.

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