Phenomenology

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By Fred Kersten (auth.)

This booklet has components. the 1st half is mainly fascinated with significantly constructing the universally important order of a number of the steps of transcendental phenomenological technique; the second one half presents particular situations of phenomenological research that illustrate and try out the strategy verified within the first half. greater than this, and maybe even extra very important in the end, the phenomeno­ logical analyses pronounced within the moment half purport a starting place for drawing phenomenological-philosophical conclusions approximately prob­ lems of house conception, "other minds," and time belief. The non-analytical, that's, the literary, resources of this e-book are many. relevant between them are the writings of Husserl (which should be accorded a distinct methodological functionality) in addition to the writings of his scholars of the Gottingen and Freiburg years. Of the latter in particular very important are the writings and, while reminiscence serves, the lectures of Dorion Cairns and Aron Gurwitsch. Of the previous specifically major are the writings of Heinrich Hofmann, Wilhelm Schapp, and Hedwig COlilrad-Martius.

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Correctly saw. , that method which has as its theme transcendentally purified mental life-processes as the "things themselves" to which we will to return. Indeed, only if refraining from accepting the sense, "being in the world" (to use a shorthand expression), were equivalent to refraining from accepting the sense, "actuality of my own mental life-processes" (to use another shorthand expression), would it then be possible to proceed from the psychological phenomenological eidetic epoche and reduction to the transcendental one.

For our immediate purpose several such factors may be mentioned. Probably the most obvious factor that lays claim to being essential as a motivating circumstance is that of reflection and which Husserl emphasized already in the Introduction to the first edition of Logical Investigations. To be sure, I may be engaged straightforwardly or reflectively in my mental life-processes in the natural attitude. To speak of being "straightforwardly engaged" in mental life-processes and, correspondingly, "straightforwardly busied" with the objects of those processes signifies that I am busied with objects and things per se; in contrast, when I am reflectively engaged in mental life-processes I am busied with those objects and things as meant and intended to by those specific processes rather than as per se.

33 In the forgoing passage Husserl not only sketches the content of the constituting of the actually existing real world with respect to the noetic-noematic multi-layered structure of consciousness of that world (to use the language of Ideas, First Book)--layers both above and below the plane of demarcation; Husserl is also talking about what he calls in Cartesian Meditations (sections 49, 58) an "oriented constituting" of the layers or strata of mental life-processes separated by the plane of demarcation: Constitution of 'worlds' of any kind whatever, beginning with one's own stream of mental processes, with its openly endless multiplicities, and continuing up through the Objective world with its various levels of Objectivation, is subject to the law of 'oriented' constitution, a constitution that presupposes at various levels, but within the extension of a sense conceived with maximal breadth, something 'primordially' and something 'secondarily' constituted.

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