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Download Spell of the Urubamba: Anthropogeographical Essays on an by Daniel Gade PDF

By Daniel Gade

This paintings examines the valley of the Urubamba River when it comes to vertical zonation, Incan impression at the setting, plant use, the background of exploration and the idea of discovery, the assumption of land reform, and cultural touch with the eu global. Winding its course northward from the Andean Highlands to the Amazon, the valley has served because the level of pre-Columbian civilizations and point of interest of Spanish conquest in Peru.

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Extra info for Spell of the Urubamba: Anthropogeographical Essays on an Andean Valley in Space and Time

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6 Doing Fieldwork in the Urubamba 35 Fig. 16 As crops ripen, boys spend nights in watch huts to protect maturing maize. In the distance, serious gully erosion indicates the long-term consequences of cultivating steep slopes. W. Gade) I became interested in grist mills, an ancient technology that then survived in the Central Andes (Gade 1971). In the early 1960s, the Urubamba Valley had 94 mills, 84 of which were constructed of adobe and had a horizontal wheel moved by water. The Province of Canchis had 62 of those 84 mills.

4 Human Presence in the Urubamba 19 Fig. 8 A layer of human bones exposed in 1968 by intense rains at Sangarará recall the violent protests against the Spanish colonial government and its mita policy. Led by the legendary figure José Gabriel Condorcanqui Noguera Tupac Amaru (1738–1781), the rebels assaulted this town west of the Urubamba. When creoles and the Indian elite sought sanctuary inside the church, the rebel forces torched the church on November 19, 1780 and about 100 people died. Their bones are a symbol of that struggle against Spanish rule and the church as a corrupt colonial institution.

By contrast, on the plateau of Canas and Chumbilvilcas to the west where extensive livestock raising has dominated the rural economy, population densities have been less than a third of the Urubamba Valley. Much valley land is irrigated; crop fields on the steep valley slopes are not. The “riego”/“secano” contrast is more fundamental than any difference in soils or temperatures. Cultivation of steep slopes reflects population pressure; in the 1960s, it was also that haciendas appropriated the best land, pushing peasants to cultivate unirrigated slopes above the floor.

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