By Barbara A. Fox (Ed.), Paul J. Hopper (Ed.)
The volume's imperative predicament is grammatical voice, commonly often called diathesis, and its classical manifestations as energetic, heart, and Passive. whereas various difficulties within the that means, syntax, and morphology of those different types in Indo-European stay unsolved, their opposite numbers in additional unique languages have raised nonetheless extra questions. What discourse features and diachronic occasions unite 'voice' as a recognizable phenomenon throughout languages? How are they often grammaticalized? What levels do kids wade through in studying them? How does 'voice' hyperlink up with ergativity and with different different types and structures resembling the Inverse and the Antipassive? The authors during this quantity have assorted views on those difficulties: they talk about voice, e.g., from a typological-universal view, in terms of language acquisition and to ergativity, and from diachronic and cross-linguistic views.
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The volume's relevant obstacle is grammatical voice, frequently often called diathesis, and its classical manifestations as energetic, center, and Passive. whereas quite a few difficulties within the that means, syntax, and morphology of those different types in Indo-European stay unsolved, their opposite numbers in additional unique languages have raised nonetheless additional questions.
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Extra info for Voice: Form and Function
Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Voice, Aspect and Aktionsart Middle and Passive in Ancient Greek Egbert J. Bakker University of Leiden 1. Introduction1 Studies in grammar may take two directions. One may start from "form" and proceed from there to "function", or one may work in the opposite direction. In some cases, both approaches amount to one and the same thing, and a researcher may not even be aware if s/he is defining the function of a given form or determining what forms are performing a given function.
In the first case, "function" is often equated with the meaning a form or set of forms has in a given language, whereas in the second case, "form" is seen as "coded function", that is, not as something that expresses meaning, but as meaning "become form". Middle voice in Ancient Greek is a case in which both perspectives may be taken. e. events with inherent "middle" characteristics. On this account, the Ancient Greek middle is a function coded by a specific class of verbal morphology, and, as such, an instantiation of a language-independent phenomenon.
Thanks also to Arlea Anschutz for bringing some of the subtleties of get-constructions to our attention, and to Susanna Cummin g for some helpful examples. We would also like to thank Eliza Jones of the Alaska Native Language Center, University of Alaska, Fairbanks, for her invaluable help with the Koyukon data. We also want to thank ANLC in general and its director Michael Krauss in particular, for the generosity with which facilities and research materials were put at our disposal. As the discussion progresses we will include not just subjects but single arguments of both transitive and intransitive clauses, in order to include impersonal constructions.